Introduction and advantages
Eastman receives many questions about molding Eastman Tritan™ copolyester with hot runner systems. It can be a complex topic, loaded with variables that include not only mold design, but also part size, polymer formulation, and part design. Success depends on early collaboration and clear communication between Eastman, molders, tool builders, and hot runner suppliers.
We're usingTritanMoldIt.com as a platform to jumpstart this communication between stakeholders. During the next few months, the Tritan experts will post a series of blogs, beginning with this overview and advantages of hot runners for amorphous copolyesters, including Tritan.
We invite you to help shape our series of hot runner blogs. Send your feedback. Ask your questions. Share your success stories. We look forward to hearing from you.
Key advantages of hot runner systems
In a hot runner molding system, the runners are within the mold. They are heated to maintain the plastic resin in a liquid state (a temperature above the material's softening temperature, Tg) within the tool until it passes through the gate into the mold cavity. Unlike a cold runner system, hot runners are not ejected with the finished part. Instead, they stay in the mold in a liquid state, ready to fill the cavity on the next shot.
Hot runner systems are popular for high-production runs or in high-cavity molds, where quality is critical and gate witnesses are objectionable. A hot runner system can offer these advantages:
• Less resin used because there is virtually no waste
• Shorter flow path
• Reduced injection time; reduced open-dwelling time
• Lower cost per part for high-volume production—especially small parts
• Higher part quality
• More design flexibility
In Part 2 of our hot runner series, we’ll start focusing on specific ways for getting the best results with Tritan in a hot runner system.
|TMI TIP: Help make this ongoing series on hot runners more relevant for your needs. Let us know your feedback or questions—and share your experience with hot runner systems and Tritan.|
For more information about hot runners, download the Eastman Tritan™ copolyester Processing Guide.
If you have more questions about flowlines or other molding defects, talk with your Eastman technical service representative—and ask how to receive your free copy of our Injection Molding Troubleshooting Guide.
|TMI TIP: For more information about getting the best results when you mold with Tritan, watch the webinar 共聚聚酯加工解决方案。
Consider these characteristics when selecting an adhesive:
- Chemical compatibility with parts being joined
- Expansion/contraction with temperature changes (NOTE: if expansion/contraction are a major concern, consider mechanical fasteners.)
Eastman Tritan™ copolyester offers outstanding chemical resistance and has been studied with many adhesives and different bonding procedures.
Adhesive bonding procedures for Eastman Tritan™ copolyester
When adhesive bonding parts made with Tritan, joining surfaces should:
- Fit well without forcing
- Have no visible gaps
- Be smooth but not polished:
- Sand the surfaces you wish to bond with a 120-grit or finer paper.
- Do not use soft-polishing wheels or flame polishing, as they can round the edges, creating gaps and improper fit.
Before selecting an adhesive system, conduct a careful evaluation of the part application to ensure the adhesive provides both acceptable performance (bond appearance and strength) and that it meets all applicable regulatory requirements. See inset box for several recommendations.
NOTE: This list of recommended adhesive systems does not include all products have been used successfully with Tritan. For best performance, always follow the guidelines provided by the adhesive manufacturer.
Recommended adhesive systems for use with Tritan
*Tested according to ASTM D1002
For details about bonding Tritan to itself and to other materials, contact your Eastman technical representative. For more information about adhesive bonding as well as tips for decorating, painting, overmolding, and other tips, download a free copy of the Secondary operations guide.
|TMI TIP: Adhesives that contain a volatile component may shrink while curing.为了补偿收缩，可将接合处切割成一定的角度，从而可以留出一定空隙，以在接合处稍微多加一些粘合剂。请参考您的粘合剂供应商资料，了解有关收缩的具体信息。|
|Eastman Tritan™ copolyester MX711||共聚聚酯|
|Eastar™ polyester MN052||polyester|
|Eastar™ copolyester MN211||共聚聚酯|
|Eastar™ copolyester MN006||共聚聚酯|
|DuraStar™ polymer MN611||共聚聚酯|
|Tenite™ propionate 360A40012||Cellulose acetate propionate (CAP)|
|Lipid resistant PC||polycarbonate|
|Medical grade acrylic||Acrylic (PMMA)|
The objective of sterilizing medical devices is to reduce the bioburden to a safe level with minimal effects on the desired properties of its constituent polymers.
Technology advances have improved the performance of e-beam radiation, making it a safe, efficient, and reliable source of energy for sterilization. High dose rates reduce the time of exposure, which can make e-beam a less costly alternative to gamma radiation.
To study the effect of e-beam radiation on Tritan MX711, Eastman measured color shifting and physical property retention after e-beam radiation.
Samples were exposed to e-beam radiation (25 and 50 kGy), then stored in darkness and their color measured at Days 3, 7, 14, and 42 using HunterLab UltraScan™ Sphere 8000 and the CIE L*, a*, b* color scale. (Samples were stored in darkness and only exposed to light for color measurement.)
Figure 1 shows the changes in b* value, which measures the blue to yellow scale after e-beam exposure at 50 kGy. Photos of the molded samples before and after exposure are available upon request.
Figure 1. Eastman Tritan™ copolyester and other transparent resins after e-beam exposure at 50 kGY—b* color measurements
Figure 2 shows the difference in b* color values between unexposed samples and sterilized samples at Day 42—after e-beam radiation at both 25 and 50 kGy.
Figure 2. Change in b* color 42 days after e-beam radiation—25 and 50 kGy
Physical properties were measured before and after e-beam sterilization at 25 and 50 kGy. No physical property degradation was noted for Tritan MX711 or the other resins tested. The polyesters and copolyesters in the study showed no statistical change in molecular weight although Tenite™ propionate 360 did show a loss of molecular weight, as expected from an aliphatic polymer.
For complete details of these studies or more information about the advantages of Eastman Tritan™ copolyesters, email Eastman today.
开始使用Tritan Mold It应用。
This handy processing resource helps you get the best results from Eastman Tritan™ copolyester—and access valuable information on other engineering polymers.
The Tritan Mold It app’s Quick Links function also makes it easy to dive deeper into Tritan applications, successes, and the latest tips for molding Tritan.
Download the free Tritan Mold It app now.
|TMI TIP: After you’ve used the Tritan Mold It app, use the “App Feedback” feature to tell us how you like it—and provide any suggestions for making it an even more valuable tool for you.|